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Renal failure, also known as kidney failure, is one of the most prevalent diseases to face elderly cats. While it can appear at younger ages, it is the senior cat that is most at risk. This disorder happens when the kidneys can no longer hold urine. Your cat will seem to be drinking more water and using the litter box more frequently. The problem is that he can become quickly dehydrated because his body is unable to hold onto the water necessary. This will result in lethargy and weight loss.
The vet will give your cat a blood test and urinalysis. He will be checking to see what the level of urea is in the cat's system and what levels of important chemicals are present in his system. Unfortunately, many people do not see the need for a vet visit until the kidney function has gone down to approximately 25 percent. Cats are often very stoic when ill and will often hide important symptoms until they become too ill to do so. That is why it is essential to monitor your cats eating, drinking and elimination habits. Many illnesses show in these areas first.
While it is not known exactly what causes kidney failure, there are things that seem to increase the chances. There has been a link established between the distemper vaccine and renal failure. There is also a noted increase in kidney failure in cats who eat an all dry diet, as it does not contain enough moisture to sustain the kidneys properly.
Kidney failure can’t be cured, but, if caught early enough, things can be done to help your cat live a comfortable life. If needed, the vet will give your cat fluids through his veins to help dehydration. It may also be necessary to learn how to do this yourself at home when needed. A change of diet will be necessary, eliminating dry food entirely. Adding a supplement that includes added taurine, omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants has proven to greatly help cats suffering kidney failure. With the proper nutrition, your cat can live happily.
Roger Harris is the spokesperson of compoundia pharmacy, a leading compound pharmacy in Westlake Village, California. As a compound pharmacist, Roger and his company specialize in custom compounding, including sterile injectables for veterinary use.